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32 Useful Collocations for IELTS Writing Task 2 (Environment)

Discussion in 'Task 2' started by Hoàng ZIM, Oct 6, 2016.

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  1. Hoàng ZIM

    Hoàng ZIM Master Staff Member

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    1. Serious environmental degradation: The process in the quality of environment changes to a worse condition.
    Example: “In some industrial zones, the production processes may result in serious environmental degradation.”

    2. Irresponsible disposal of industrial waste: Discharge industrial waste without concern about the environment.
    Example: “Global warming stems from the irresponsible disposal of industrial waste.”

    3. Waste treatment systems: The way to treat wastes without harming the environment.
    Example: “If factory installed waste treatment systems instead of discharging chemical wastes into rivers, water pollution could be controlled.”

    4. Discharge chemical waste: to dispose of chemical waste.
    Example: “Nowadays, more and more company and industrial zones have been discharging chemical waste into rivers, causing death to many fish and other aquatic animals.”

    5. Litter the street: To leave the waste paper, cans, etc. on the street.
    Example: “Residents will consider newcomers dirty and ill-mannered if they litter the street or spit gum in public places.”

    6. The emission of greenhouse gases: The act of sending out gas, especially carbon dioxide or methane, that is through to trap heat above the Earth and cause the greenhouse effect.
    Example: “If all countries in over the world could decrease their energy consumption, this will reduce the emission of greenhouse gases.”

    7. Chemical fertilisers/weedkillers: Poison used to kill unwanted plants.
    Example: “Organic farmers do not pollute the water or the soil which result from the application of chemical fertilisers and weedkillers.”

    8. Eco-friendly: Not harmful to the environment.
    Example: “Countries such as Japan are leading the way, for example, in developing more eco-friendly cars, buses and lorries.”

    9. To be spoiled by: To be received a bad effect that it is no longer attractive, enjoyable, useful, etc
    Example: “Several famous beaches in Vietnam have been spoiled by this lack of respect for the local environment.”

    10.Contamination of land, air or water: To make land, air or water dirty or harmful by putting chemicals or poison in it.
    Example: “Contamination of land, air and water has reached alarming levels.”

    11. Illegal logging and deforestation: the work for cutting down trees for commercial purpose in an illegal way
    Example: “It should not be forgotten that illegal logging in the Amazon Basin is still a major factor in climate change.”

    12. Burning fossil fuels: Burning a fuel such as coal or oil that is produced by the very gradual decaying of animals or plants over million of years.
    Example: ” Individuals can make a small contribution by not burning wood and other fossil fuels.”

    13. long-term consequences: something that happens in the distant future as a result of a particular action or set of conditions.
    Example: “The effects of our use of fossil fuels today may last for generations, and it is almost certain to have long-term consequences for humanity.”

    14. Renewable energy: Renewable energy comes from sources that can be easily replaced naturally so that there is always more available.
    Example: “Wind farms and other sources of renewable energy will help to reduce CO2 emission to an acceptable level.”

    15. Environmental protection: The act of protecting the environment.
    Example: ” Environmental protection is one of the most important challenges almost every country is facing.”

    16. Sustainable development: The development without damaging the environment.
    Example: ” The government should commit to sustainable development and the protection of the environment.”

    17. To deplete natural resource: To reduce the amount of natural resource.
    Example: ” Depleting natural resource is become a serious concern for the government to get deal with.”

    18. Fight climate change: To prevent a permanent change in weather
    Example: “International cooperation is necessary to fight climate change.”

    19. Conserve energy: To protect and prevent energy from reduction.
    Example: “Scientists in many countries are cooperating to find a method to conserve energy.

    20. Sort the daily garbage: To arrange garbage in groups according to size, type daily.
    Example: “One thing that individual can do to protect the environment is sorting the daily garbage.”

    21. Dump waste: To dispose of waste in an irresponsible manner
    Example: Disposal of household waste is a daunting task for local authorities. Towns and cities cannot just dump such waste and hope it will go away.

    22. Toxic waste: Poisonous waste
    Example: Efforts to recycle waste are only a partial solution. Meanwhile, the problem of toxic waste remains.

    23. Offset carbon emissions: Pay for an equivalent amount of carbon dioxide to be saved elsewhere
    Example: Some airlines have schemes now for offsetting carbon emissions.

    24. Introduce green taxes: Taxes which relate to the protection of the environment
    Example: Politicians should not be afraid of introducing green taxes and incentives to encourage eco-friendly design in architecture.

    25. Reduce carbon footprint: reduce amount of carbon dioxide created by an activity/person/business

    26. Food miles: Distance food has to travel between where it is grown or made and where it is consumed
    Example: We can all reduce our carbon footprint by flying less, and reduce our food miles by buying local produce.

    Climate change and its consequence:

    27. Searing heat: extreme heat
    Example: Parts of Europe which used to be cooler now experience intense, searing heat, and temperatures soar above the average every summer

    28. Widespread flooding
    Example: Most areas in Europe suffer widespread flooding on a regular basis.

    29. Alternative energy sources

    30. Hybrid car
    Example: To protect the environment, people can buy a hybrid car, develop alternative energy sources for homes, solar heating for instance. and build more offshore wind farms.

    31. Combat climate change
    Example: It is absolutely vital that every civil plays their role in combating climate change.

    32. Environmental catastrophe
    Example: We may have less than a decade to avoid an environmental catastrophe on a global scale.

    Other useful expressions/phrases for the Environment Topic:
    • The deterioration in the air quality
    • To curb environmental deterioration
    • To destroy/degrade the environment
    • To lower the demand for energy in every household
    • Exhaust fumes from vehicles
    • To raise the public’s ecological consciousness
    • To promote environmentally-friendly technology
    • To reduce the dependence on the traditional energy resources/on fossil fuels.
    • To suffer from adverse effects of environmental problems
    • To burn fossil fuels to generate energy
    • The growing demand for fossil fuels in the world
    • Renewable energy from solar, wind or water power
    • Gas emissions from factories
    • To alleviate environmental problems
    • To contaminate the environment
    • The protection of wildlife
    • The biology will be seriously affected
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    Last edited: Oct 10, 2016
  2. Le My Hien

    Le My Hien Master

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    Tài liệu này không có file download ạ :)
     

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